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Saint Sofia 


St. Sofia and her three daughters


To how much written by the it was Mons. Mr. Matteo Guida, nothing I hold to add; I will confine me to repeat, partly, what is read in his brief historical-critical study. The Sirleto Guglielmo (1514-85), Cardinal Prefect of the Library Vaticana, believes that S. Sofia both of Greek nationality, induced to think so that the Hellenic names of the mother Sofia (Wisdom) and of the three daughters Pistis (Faith), Elpis (Hope), Agapis (Charity). The Surius says that the country of S. Sofia is uncertain, but it is certain, however, that she is Italian glory. The Sigonio Carlo (1520-84) Historical, that quotes S. Beda, it believes that S. Sofia was born in Milan. S. Sofia lived between the end of the first century and the principle of the second and suffered the martyrdom with the three daughters under the emperor Adriano (76-138) and the Pontiff Alexander I (105-116). If the city of origin cannot be specified, it can be affirmed with certainty that died in Rome. In the flower of the youth, characterized by so much fascinating goodness, Sofia, to satisfy the desire of her relatives, that wanted her submitted to a companion of life, married perhaps Filandro, young and rich senator, as on the authority of S. Beda, it attests the Sigonio. From his/her marriage three daughters were born, to which the names of Faith, Hope and Charity were given. This doesn't have to arouse wonder, if the Christians of the first centuries loved to take, in the Baptism, an agnonem that had meant mystical. We have so the names of Lucina (Pomponia Grecina) of Redemptus, Renatus, Renovatus, etc. After few years of marriage, Filandro died, of which, to reason, it is had to believe that he had embraced the Christian faith, because her bride, that lived the virtues recommended by the Book of the Proverbs of the Writing, interested him of her eternal salvation.



St. Sofia and her three daughters martyrs


Died her husband, S. Sofia definite to leave Milan. Saint Sofia was very rich and she distributed her wealths to the poor men and she departed for Rome. Field of its job was the service to the heroic confessors of the Christian faith, with the assiduous visit to the jails, where a lot of they were confined. Such her behavior didn't escape emperor Adriano's eye, which wanted in front of its mother court and daughters. Not the takings the fear, but fearless, the mother before and later the three daughters professed the faith in the Christ Salvatore, prepared to bear whatever torture, they didn't deny the faith received in the Baptism. To the flattering promises as to the threats of the judge, I will dictate test of nothing to fear, desirous only to receive the Baptism of blood, that is the martyrdom. The mother was bared and cruelly whipped, after she was engraved on her forehead the mark of the infamy. 

Gotten further the mother, the tyrant separately questioned the three daughters hoping to be able to make her divert from the religion of Christ. All him used, with the good ones and the sad ways, but uselessly. Raging of anger, it submitted her to his judges, because they were severely punished, also with the death. Before Faith, then Hope and in last Charity you/they were submitted to unheard of torments and then you behead. Done her daughters, that it was of it of Sofia die? Here it is the case to repeat: «Various Varii dicunt» there are that is different opinions. According to some Actas Martyrum of oriental origin, not historical, S. Sofia, Christian widow, Rome was martyred to, in the 2° century, on the grave of her daughters Faith, Hope and Charity, also them martyrs. (Diz. Encyclopedic Sansoni). Among Lawrence Surio, the martyrology Galliano and the menelogio Sirlezianos say that S. Sofia, three days later, while it was praying on the grave of her daughters, made her soul to God. The Baronio in the Annalses of the Church, writes that death happened two months later. Sofia was deposed in the same sepulchre of her daughters, whose martyrdom is thought happened in the month of August. Of this opinion is the writer Piero Bargellini. The Roman martyrology ago mention of S. Sofia and his/her three daughters the day 30 September. It has been said that the body of S. Sofia was deposed in the same sepulchre of her daughters, but where was the sepulchre? The hagiographic documents consulted has allowed to set with certainty on the street Aurelia the burial of S. Sofia and her three daughters, you martyr to emperor Adriano's time; says sepulchre was revered by the believers since the You and VII century. It also speaks of these holy martyrs to the maryirology of Adone, as also later in that of Usuardo. That grave, however, was honorable in Rome, a lot of time before, because the lndex Oleorum of Monza (sec. VI) and the itinerary of Salisburgo (century VII) they prove that among those graves, in the Catecombes, in front of which it made him burn the oil and that were visited by the believers, there was also the grave of S. Sofia and her three daughters. The Baronio (1538-1607) it assures that to his times he was not lost the memory of a monument raised on the street Aurelia to S. Sofia, mother of the three virgins and martyrs Faith, Hope and Charity. Where are the deadly rests of S. Sofia and its three daughters found today? The body of S. Sofia, in a first time, was moved from the street Aurelia to the church of S. Giulia in Brescia. The queen Handle, Desiderio's wife, last king of the Longobardis, he wanted to enrich the monastery of S. Giulia, where the Benedictine nuns were (monastery that had been founded from her and from his/her reality consort) and it gave monastery to the motto the body of the holy one. Suppressed the monastery of S. Giulia, to the time of the French revolution, the body of S. Sofia as that of S. Giulia and of other saints, it passed from the said church in that of S. Agata, in the same city of Brescia. April 3 rd 1799, for interest of the Canonical Maladori of Virle Treponti and the high-ranked Virlesis, the bishop allowed that the containing urn the body of the holy one, from the church of S. Agata was transferred to Virle. The memorable event filled with joy the whole citizen Virlese. The actions of concession, of translation and of authenticity they preserve him in the parish file of Virle, while the original one of the menelogio Sirleziano that speaks, as it has been said, of S. Sofia and of his/her three daughters, it is found in the library Marcelliana of Clear. The sacred leftovers of Faith and Hope were brought in France in silver boxes, and before the 89 revolution, they were preserved to Notre Dame de Visau, in the Diocese of Cahors. The body of S. Agape (Charity) it is found whole in the Prepositurale of Clear, of which is Patrona.



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